Last updated December 4, 2014 
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Encyclopedia of Social Work

20th Edition

A

  • Abortion
  • Adolescents
    • Overview
    • Demographics and Social Issues
    • Practice Interventions
    • Pregnancy
  • Adoption
  • Adult Day Care
  • Adult Protective Services
  • Adults
    • Overview
    • Group Care
  • Advocacy
  • African Americans
    • Overview
    • Immigrants of African Origin
    • Practice Interventions
  • Agency-Based Research
  • Aging
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Racial and Ethnic Groups
    • Services
  • Alaska Natives
  • Alcohol and Drug Problems
    • Overview
    • Law Enforcement and Legal Policy
    • Practice Interventions
    • Prevention
  • Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias
  • Arab Americans
  • Asian Americans
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Chinese
    • Japanese
    • Koreans
    • South Asians
    • Southeast Asians
  • Assessment
  • Asset Building
  • Authoritative Settings and Involuntary Clients

B

  • Baccalaureate Social Workers
  • Behavioral Theory
  • Bereavement Practice
  • Best Practices
  • Bioethics
  • Bisexuality
  • Blindness and Visual Impairment
  • Brief Therapies

C

  • Caribbean Americans
  • Case Management
  • Chaos Theory and Complexity Theory
  • Charitable Foundations
  • Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Child Care Services
  • Children
    •   Overview
    •   Practice Interventions
    •   Group Care
    •   Health Care
  • Children’s Rights
  • Child Support
  • Child Welfare
    •   Overview
    •   History and Policy Framework
  • Christian Social Services
  • Chronic Illness
  • Citizen Participation
  • Civic Engagement
  • Civil Liberties
  • Civil Rights
  • Civil Society
  • Client Violence
  • Clinical Social Work
  • Codes of Ethics
  • Cognition and Social Cognitive Theory
  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Collaborative Practice
  • Community
    •   Overview
    •   Practice Interventions
  • Community-Based Participatory Research
  • Community Building
  • Community Development
  • Community Economic Development
  • Community Needs Assessment
  • Community Organization
  • Community Violence
  • Comorbidity
  • Compulsive Behaviors
  • Confidentiality and Privileged Communication
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Consultation
  • Consumer Rights
  • Contexts/Settings
    • Agency and Organization in Non-Profit Settings
    • Corporate Settings
    • Faith-Based Settings
    • Interorganizational Contexts
    • Private/Independent Practice Settings
  • Continuing Education
  • Contracting Out of Social Services
  • Council on Social Work Education
  • Couples
  • Crime and Criminal Behavior
  • Criminal Justice
    • Overview
    • Criminal Courts
    • Corrections
  • Crisis Interventions
  • Cultural Competence
  • Cultural Institutions and the Arts
  • Culturally Competent Practice

D

  • Deafness and Hardness of Hearing
  • Deinstitutionalization
  • Demographics
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Direct Practice
  • Disability
    • Overview
    • Neurocognitive Disabilities
    • Physical Disabilities
    • Psychiatric Disabilities
  • Disasters
  • Disparities and Inequalities
  • Displaced People
  • Divorce
  • Dual Degree Programs

E

  • Earned Income Tax Credit
  • Eating Disorders
  • Ecological Framework
  • Economics and Social Welfare
  • Education Policy
  • Elder Abuse
  • Employee Assistance Programs
  • Employment and Unemployment
  • Empowerment Practice
  • End-of-Life Decisions
  • Environment
  • Environmental Justice
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics and Values
  • Ethics in Research
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Design

F

  • Faith-Based Agencies and Social Work
  • Family
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Family Caregiving
  • Family Life Education
  • Family Preservation and Home-Based Services
  • Family Services
  • Family Therapy
  • Feminist Social Work Practice
  • Forensic Social Work
  • Foster Care
  • Fundraising

G

  • Gay Families and Parenting
  • Gay Men
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Generalist and Advanced Generalist Practice
  • Genetics
  • Gestalt Therapy
  • Globalization
  • Group Dynamics
  • Groups
  • Group Work

H

  • Haitian Americans
  • Harm Reduction
  • Hate Crimes
  • Health Care
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Health Care Financing
  • Health Care Reform
  • Health Care Social Work
  • Historiography
  • HIV/AIDS
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Children
  • Home-based Interventions
  • Homelessness
  • Hospice
  • Housing
  • Humanistic Therapies
  • Human Needs
    • Overview
    • Family
    • Health
    • Religion and Spirituality
    • Work and Employment
  • Human-Other Animal Bond
  • Human Rights
  • Human Sexuality
  • Hunger, Nutrition, and Food Programs

I

  • Immigrants and Refugees
  • Immigration Policy
  • Income Distribution
  • Income Security
  • Interdisciplinarity
  • International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW)
  • International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW)
  • International Social Welfare
    • Overview
    • Organizations and Activities
  • International Social Work
    • Overview
    • Education
  • International Social Work and Social Welfare
    • Africa (Sub-Sahara)
    • Asia
    • Australia and Pacific Islands
    • Caribbean
    • Central America
    • Europe
    • Middle East and North Africa
    • North America
    • South America
  • Interorganizational Practice
  • Interventions
  • Interprofessional and Partnered Practice
  • Intervention Research
  • Interviewing
  • Intimate Partner Violence

J

  • Jewish Communal Services
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Juvenile Justice
    • Overview
    • Juvenile and Family Courts

L

  • Latinos and Latinas
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Cubans
    • Mexicans
    • Puerto Ricans
  • Leadership
  • Legal System
  • Lesbians
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Licensing
  • Life Span
    • Overview
    • Development and Infancy (Birth to Age Three)
    • Early Childhood and Pre-School
    • Childhood and Latency
    • Young Adulthood
    • Parenting
    • Older Adulthood/Seniors (‘‘Young Old’’)
    • Oldest Senior/Aged-Late (‘‘Old Old’’)
  • Long-Term Care

M

  • Macro Social Work Practice
  • Managed Care
  • Management
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Financial
    • Human Resources
    • Quality Assurance
    • Volunteers
  • Marriage and Domestic Partners
  • Maternal and Child Health
  • Media Campaigns
  • Medicaid and Medicare
  • Medical Illness
  • Men
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Health and Mental Health Care
  • Mental Health
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Mental Illness
    • Adults
    • Children
    • Service System
  • Meta-analysis
  • Methods of Practice Interventions
  • Migrant Workers
  • Military Social Work
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Multiculturalism
  • Muslim Social Services
  • Mutual Aid Societies

N

  • Narratives
  • National Association of Social Workers
  • Native Americans
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
  • Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

O

  • Occupational Social Work
  • Oncology Social Work
  • Oppression
  • Organizational Development and Change
  • Organizational Learning
  • Organizations and Associations
  • Organizations and Governance

P

  • Pain
  • Palliative Care
  • Peace
  • Pension and Retirement Programs
  • Person-in-Environment
  • Philanthropy
  • Police Social Work
  • Policy Practice
  • Political Ideology and Social Welfare
  • Political Interventions
  • Political Process
  • Political Social Work
  • Poverty
  • Practice Interventions and Research
  • Prevention
  • Primary Health Care
  • Privatization
  • Privilege
  • Probation and Parole
  • Professional Conduct
  • Professional Impairment
  • Professional Liability and Malpractice
  • Program Evaluation
  • Progressive Social Work
  • Prostitution
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Psychodrama
  • Psychoeducation
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychosocial and Psychiatric Rehabilitation
  • Psychosocial Framework
  • Psychotropic Medications
  • Public Health

Q

  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Care
  • Quantitative Research

R

  • Recording
  • Rehabilitation
  • Reproductive Health
  • Research
    • Overview
    • History of Research
  • Resilience
  • Restorative Justice
  • Retirement
  • Rural Practice

S

  • Scales and Indices
  • School Social Work
  • School Violence
  • Self-Help Groups
  • Settlements and Neighborhood Centers
  • Sexual Assault
  • Sexual Harassment
  • Single Parents
  • Single-System Designs
  • Social Capital
  • Social Development
  • Social Impact Assessment
  • Social Justice
  • Social Movements
  • Social Planning
  • Social Policy
    • Overview
    • History (Colonial Times to 1900)
    • History (1900-1950)
    • History (1950-1980)
    • History (1980 to Present)
  • Social Problems
  • Social Security Program
  • Social Services
  • Social Welfare Expenditures
  • Social Work Education
    • Overview
    • Doctoral
    • Electronic Technologies
    • Field Work
    • Human Behavior & Social Environment
    • Multiculturalism
    • Research
    • Social Welfare Policy
  • Social Work Practice
    • History and Evolution
    • Theoretical Base
  • Social Work Profession
    • Overview
    • History
    • Workforce
  • Strategic Planning
  • Strengths-Based Framework
  • Strengths Perspective
  • Suicide
  • Supervision
  • Supplemental Security Income
  • Survey Research

T

  • Task-Centered Practice
  • Teams
  • Technology
    • Overview
    • Technology in Macro Practice
    • Technology in Micro Practice
    • Technology in Social Work Education
    • Tools and Applications of Technology
  • Technology Transfer
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
  • Terminal Illness
  • Termination
  • Terrorism
  • Transgender People
  • Trauma

U

  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Unions
  • Urban Practice

V

  • Veteran Services
  • Victim Services
  • Violence
  • Vocational Services
  • Voluntarism
  • Voter Education

W

  • White Ethnic Groups
  • Women
    • Overview
    • Practice Interventions
    • Health Care
  • Workers’ Compensation

Y

  • Youth at Risk
  • Youth Services

Biographies

A

  • Abbott, Edith
  • Abbott, Grace
  • Abernathy, Ralph David
  • Adams, Frankie Victoria
  • Addams, Jane
  • Alexander, Chauncey A.
  • Altmeyer, Arthur J.
  • Anderson, Delwin

B

  • Baldwin, Roger Nash
  • Barrett, Janie Porter
  • Bartlett, Harriett M.
  • Barton, Clarissa (Clara) Harlowe
  • Bechill, William
  • Beck, Bertram
  • Beers, Clifford Whittingham
  • Berry, Margaret
  • Bethune, Mary McLeod
  • Beveridge, Lord William
  • Blackey, Eileen
  • Bogardus, Emory
  • Brace, Charles Loring
  • Brager, George
  • Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston
  • Briar, Scott
  • Brockway, Zebulon Reed
  • Bruno, Frank John
  • Buell, Bradley
  • Burns, Eveline Mabel

C

  • Cabot, Richard Clarke
  • Cannon, Ida Maud
  • Cannon, Mary Antoinette
  • Carlton, Thomas Owen
  • Carter, Genevieve
  • Cassidy, Harry
  • Cassidy, Helen
  • Chavez, Cesar
  • Cloward, Richard
  • Cohen, Wilbur
  • Coyle, Grace Longwell

D

  • Davis, Liane V.
  • Day, Dorothy
  • De Forest, Robert Weeks
  • Devine, Edward Thomas
  • Dix, Dorothea Lynde
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt
  • Dunham, Arthur
  • Dybwad, Rosemary Ferguson

E

  • Egypt, Ophelia Settle
  • Eliot, Martha May
  • Epstein, Abraham
  • Epstein, Laura

F

  • Fauri, Fedele Frederick
  • Federico, Ronald Charles
  • Fernandis, Sarah A. Collins
  • Fizdale, Ruth
  • Flexner, Abraham
  • Folks, Homer
  • Follett, Mary Parker
  • Frankel, Lee Kaufer
  • Frazier, Edward Franklin

G

  • Galarza, Ernesto
  • Gallaudet, Edward Miner
  • Gallaudet, Thomas
  • Gallaudet, Thomas Hopkins
  • Garrett, Annette Marie
  • Germain, Carel Bailey
  • Gibelman, Margaret
  • Ginsburg, Mitchell I.
  • Gonzalez Molina de la Caro, Dolores
  • Gottlieb, Naomi R.
  • Granger, Lester Blackwell
  • Gurin, Arnold
  • Gurin, Helen
  • Gurteen, Stephen Humphreys

H

  • Hale, Clara
  • Hall, Helen
  • Hamilton, Gordon
  • Haynes, Elizabeth Ross
  • Haynes, George Edmund
  • Hearn, Gordon
  • Hoey, Jane M.
  • Hopkins, Harry Lloyd
  • Howard, Donald S.
  • Howard, Oliver Otis
  • Howe, Samuel Gridley
  • Huantes, Margarita R.
  • Hudson, Walter W.

J

  • Jarrett, Mary Cromwell
  • Johnson, Campbell Carrington
  • Jones, Mary Harris, ‘‘Mother’’

K

  • Keith-Lucas, Alan
  • Kelley, Florence
  • Kellogg, Paul Underwood
  • Kenworthy, Marion Edwena
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr.
  • Kingsbury, Susan Myra
  • Kitano, Harry
  • Konopka, Gisela
  • Kuralt, Wallace H., Sr.

L

  • Lassalle, Beatriz
  • Lathrop, Julia Clifford
  • Leashore, Bogart
  • Lee, Porter Raymond
  • Lenroot, Katharine Fredrica
  • Levy, Charles
  • Lewis, Harold
  • Lindeman, Eduard Christian
  • Lindsay, Inabel Burns
  • Lodge, Richard
  • Loeb, Martin B.
  • Love, Maria Maltby
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw
  • Lowy, Louis
  • Lucas, Elizabeth Jessemine Kauikeolani Low
  • Lurie, Harry Lawrence

M

  • Mahaffrey, Maryann
  • Manning, Leah Katherine Hicks
  • Mari´n, Rosa C.
  • Marshall, Thurgood
  • Matthews, Victoria Earle
  • Mayo, Leonard Withington
  • Meyer, Carol H.
  • Miller, Samuel O.
  • Minahan, Anne
  • Morris, Robert

N

  • Naparstek, Arthur
  • Newstetter, Wilber I.
  • Northern, Helen

P

  • Pagan de Colon, Petroamerica
  • Perkins, Frances
  • Perlman, Helen Harris
  • Pernell, Ruby
  • Pray, Kenneth

R

  • Rankin, Jeannette
  • Rapoport, Lydia
  • Reichert, Kurt
  • Reid, William
  • Reynolds, Bertha Capen
  • Richmond, Mary Ellen
  • Riis, Jacob August
  • Ripple, Lillian
  • Rivera de Alvarado, Carmen
  • Robinson, Virginia
  • Robison, Sophie Moses
  • Rodriguez Pastor, Soledad
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor
  • Rothenberg, Elain Zipes
  • Rothman, Beulah
  • Rubinow, Isaac Max
  • Rush, Benjamin

S

  • Salomon, Alice
  • Samora, Julian
  • Sanders, Daniel
  • Satir, Virginia
  • Saunders, Dame Cicely
  • Schottland, Charles Irwin
  • Schwartz, William
  • Scott, Carl A.
  • Seton, Elizabeth Ann Bayley
  • Shyne, Ann Wentworth
  • Sieder, Violet M.
  • Simkhovitch, Mary Kingsbury
  • Smalley, Ruth Elizabeth
  • Smith, Zilpha Drew
  • Snyder, Mitchell ‘‘Mitch’’
  • Specht, Harry
  • Spellman, Dorothea C.
  • Starr, Ellen Gates
  • Switzer, Mary Elizabeth

T

  • Taft, Julia Jessie
  • Taylor, Graham
  • Terrell, Mary Eliza Church
  • Thomas, Jesse O.
  • Titmuss, Richard Morris
  • Towle, Charlotte
  • Truth, Sojourner
  • Tubman, Harriet

V

  • van Kleeck, Mary Ann
  • Vasey, Wayne
  • Vigilante, Joseph
  • Vinter, Robert

W

  • Wald, Lillian
  • Washington, Booker Taliaferro
  • Washington, Forrester Blanchard
  • Weiner, Hyman J.
  • Wells-Barnett, Ida Bell
  • White, Eartha Mary Magdalene
  • Wickenden, Elizabeth
  • Wiley, George
  • Wilkins, Roy
  • Williams, Anita Rose
  • Witte, Ernest Frederic
  • Wittman, Milton

Y

  • Young, Whitney Moore, Jr.
  • Youngdahl, Benjamin Emanuel
  • Younghusband, Dame Eileen

Appendixes

  • Ethical Standards in Social Work: The NASW Code of Ethics
  • Evolution of Selected Organizations
  • Distinctive Dates in Social Welfare History
  • NASW Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice
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